After a transplant, transplant recipients may develop high cholesterol. Also, some anti-rejection medications may contribute to increased cholesterol levels. If cholesterol levels get too high, blood vessels may become partially clogged and slow or block the flow of blood. This increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.
There are three main types of blood cholesterol or blood lipids: low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglycerides (TG).
|Less than 200 mg/dL||Desirable|
|200 to 239 mg/dL||Borderline High|
|240 mg/dL and above||High|
It’s important that you and your healthcare provider work to reduce risk factors for heart disease, including controlling cholesterol.
One way to reduce your risk is to limit foods that are high in saturated fat and cholesterol, which can raise your blood cholesterol to unhealthy levels.
Some transplant recipients may also develop high blood pressure or hypertension because of their anti-rejection medications or family history. Ways to help increase cardiovascular health and control blood pressure are by: